Further reading

Read more about the publishers and printers who managed and issued the Printers’ International Specimen Exchange from 1880-1887 (Field & Tuer) and from 1888-1898 (Raithby, Lawrence):

  • Matthew McLennan Young: Field & Tuer, the Leadenhall Press (Oak Knoll Press and the British Library, 2010)

“Young recreates [the firm’s] early history … and offers a useful checklist of titles accompanied by illustrations demonstrating the innovative nature of this forgotten member of the British fin‐de‐siécle fine printing world.”
— David Finkelstein, Times Literary Supplement

“Here is a handsome and important new work … The book includes a beautifully produced signature showing fifty-eight of the covers in color. Perhaps I am greedy, but I wanted more.”
— Alastair Johnston, Printing History


  • Anon. [Roy Brewer]: 1776-1876 Raithby Lawrence 1876-1976 (Leicester: Raithby, Lawrence & Co., Ltd., 1976)

This book contains fascinating inside information and photographs from the company archives, and is highly recommended for those wanting to know more about this long-lived and influential company.

Though out of print (and Raithby, Lawrence now out of business), copies may be found on used-and-rare book search sites and in libraries.




Also recommended:

Douglas Clouse and Angela Voulangas: The Handy Book of Artistic Printing (New York: Princeton Architectural Press, 2009).

Cees W. de Jong and Jan Tholenaar: Type: A Visual History of Typefaces and Graphic Styles 1628-1900 (Köln, Taschen, 2009).

Graham Hudson: The Design and Printing of Ephemera in Britain and America 1720-1920 (British Library and Oak Knoll Press, 2008).

Alastair Johnston: Alphabets to Order: the Literature of Nineteenth Century Typefounders’ Specimens (Oak Knoll Press and the British Library, 2000).